The FIBERS project

Life FIBERS- LIFE12 ENV IT 000295

Coordinating beneficiary
University of Genoa

   Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences (DISTAV)

   Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry (DCCI)
Project Manager
Prof. Laura Gaggero

Executive Project Manager
Prof. Maurizio Ferretti


Associated beneficiaries
Vico s.r.l. and Telerobot Labs s.r.l.


1st JULY 2016


Project description

The Asbestos-Containing Waste (ACW) represents, beside the urban solid waste, the most conspicuous typology in our country, and the first among toxic wastes. Currently, most ACW are land filled: the average cost for this disposal is c. 1500 €/ton (including confining, transport and disposal). The safe management of ACW is problematic under several aspects, e.g. the environmental impact of new dumpsites and the costs for the owners to bear the adjustments to more restrictive laws. Finally, local governments hardly authorize new dumpsites on their territories. This scenario makes apparent that new and efficient management of these wastes is needed with utmost urgency.

The University of Genoa has developed an apparatus and a technique for triggering the breakdown reaction of chrysotile by means of an alumino-thermic reaction and the process of combustion synthesis (SHS-Self Propagating High Temperature Synthesis). This approach yielded interesting results and allowed the development of an efficient method for inerting natural asbestos fibers and man-made products, transforming fibers at the scale of some grams. Thanks to these preliminary results, a patent was deposited (Gaggero L., Ferretti M., Belfortini C., Isola E., 2010 METODO E APPARATO PER L'INERTIZZAZIONE DI FIBRE DI AMIANTO).

The Self Propagating High Temperature Synthesis takes advantage from the enthalpy variation of an alumino-thermic reaction, i.e. an oxy-reduction reaction between a metallic oxide and aluminium or another reducing reagent. The reaction is strongly exothermic, and even self-sustained. Once triggered by an external heat source for a few seconds, the reaction proceeds across the volume of reagents as a combustion wave, without the need for further energy input from outside. This allows obtaining some advantages of the plasma combustion, such as the high density of thermal energy and the high temperature (1600 °C) but with significantly lower costs due to the short time of heat induction. The project has innovative aspects regarding the way technologies are implemented (innovation in processes or methods), and in part relative to the technologies applied by the project (technological innovation), compared with the state of the art at a global level.




IWIW 2016 - International Workshop on Industrial Waste- "Approaches and Technologies for the Recovery of Raw Materials by Complex Products End of Life"


Alessandro Girelli - Ordine Interprovinciale dei Chimici della Liguria - I concetti di rifiuti, sottoprodotti e end of  waste: definizioni e differenze nella normativa europea e italiana

Riccardo Statini - TM.E. S.p.A - Termomeccanica Ecologia - Waste-to-energy Technology

Michele Peroni – Saipem - Ship Recycling: il caso Costa Concordia

Cinzia Chiappe – Università di Pisa - Estrazione e recupero di metalli importanti dai rifiuti mediante liquidi ionici

Fabrizio Passarini – Università di Bologna - Metodologia LCA nella valorizzazione dei rifiuti

Luisa Barbieri – Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia – Valorization of inorganic waste, end of waste and by-product for ceramics

Michela Pasquali - Università di Brescia – Riutilizzo di ceneri leggere da termovalorizzazione di rifiuti solidi urbani

Isabella Lancellotti - Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia - Geopolimerizzazione per la valorizzazione di rifiuti non pericolosi e l'inertizzazione di rifiuti pericolosi

Giulia Basilici – Associazione Internazionale per la Comunicazione Ambientale – La SERR 2015 e la dematerializzazione: fare di più con meno

Gianluigi Tealdo – IREOS S.p.A. – Recupero frazioni plastiche da discariche industriali

Dario Pigliafreddo – Afros S.p.A. – LIFE+ CRESIM: Carbon Fiber Recycling through Special Impregnation

Anna Rita Certo – Comune di Genova – LIFE+ WEEENMODELS: Gestione sostenibile dei rifiuti elettrici ed elettronici

Davide Telleschi – Università di Genova – ELB: Vademecum per il corretto fine vita delle imbarcazioni

LIFE+ FIBERS: l’inertizzazione delle fibre di amianto dalla scala di laboratorio alla scala industriale

Marco Farina – A2A Ambiente S.p.A. - La valorizzazione energetica della frazione residuale della raccolta differenziata